The kurdish languages belong to the iranian branch of the indoeuropean family. There are turkmens who think they are kurdish origin. In iran, the city of kermanshah is widely recognized to be a cultural center for kurdish music. Turkish belongs to the uralaltaic family of languages. According to various estimates, they compose between 15% and 20% of the population of turkey. Turkish kurdish journalist ali ornek discusses the history of the pkk, turkey s brutally violent repression of the kurds, and the complex relations between the ypg, syria, and us. The dialects of kurdish kurdish linguistics project. As a member of the indoeuropean language family, kurdish is not related at all to turkish, a member of the uralaltaic language family, or to arabic, a member of the semitic language family. It ranks as the third largest iranian language, after persian and pashto, and has numerous dialects. Erdogan, isis, and turkeys war against the kurds the atlantic. In this video, we compare some of the similarities between turkish and albanian, two languages that belong to different families, with simal, a turkish speaker from turkey. Language policy in turkey and its effect on the kurdish language. Kurdish to english translation tool includes online translation service, english texttospeech service, english spell checking tool, onscreen keyboard for major languages, back translation, email client and much more.
Oct 20, 2017 learn how to speak kurdish sorani introduction to the kurdish language kurdish is a indoeuropean language as part of the western iranian branch with around 40 million speakers worldwide and is spoken predominantly in turkey, iraq, syria, and iran. For much of its history, kurdish culture took refuge in the privacy of family life and the countryside, where it remained possible to preserve the language, music, religion and beliefs, oral literature and the specific customs and beliefs, which form the specific kurdish cultural identity. Today were going to discuss the similarities and differences between the. Balochi is an indoeuropean language, hence close to english, russian or pushtun, just to mention a few. Difference between kurds and arabs difference between. Kurdish is a indoeuropean language as part of the western iranian branch with. If a language is listed only once, for example german, then that pack includes the tools for all countriesregions that use that language.
Modern turkish is spoken by about 70 million people in the republic of turkey and about 200 000 people in northern cyprus. Erdogan, isis, and turkeys war against the kurds the. This website is devoted to the documentation of the kurdish language. Bdps demirtas says kurdish people will continue to speak their language in turkey. They are a multilingual people and speak two or more languages. Persian farsi and kurdish have a degree of relationship with each other. The durability of turkishkurdish peace and the very future of turkey are also at stake in the fight. On august 2, the turkish parliament passed a reform bill that introduced a number of remarkable changes in the letter of the nations law. What are differences between arabic, turkish, persian, and. Kurds kurds, or kurdish people, speak the kurdish language. What is the difference between the kurds and the turks. How big is the difference between kurdish and turkish.
Thurgood 199916 adds to the equation the similarity of the phonemes through which they can be recognized. Kurds kurds, also referred to as kurdish people, speak the language kurdish. Gorani is classified as part of the zazagorani branch of indoiranian languages. Iran, iraq, syria and turkey hereinafter referred to as the states are obliged under. Kurds speak two or more languages and are multilingual people. The most obvious difference, and also the difference that many learners but also native speakers find important, is the one between american and british english. The complex history and relations of the kurdish ypg. Turkish is a member of the turkic language group and belongs to the larger altaic family. The kurdish population of turkey has long sought to have kurdish included as a language of instruction in public schools as well as a subject. Baydigi, which uses turkish and kurmanji kurdish as its main languages. That is why those who are trying to mobilize public opinion in favor of the kurdish language alongside turkish as a. How to tell the difference between arabic, persian, kurdish. Amid turkey s purge, a renewed attack on kurdish culture.
Some kurds think they are turkish and let their original identity go. It is the 15th most widely spoken language in the world. President recep tayyip erdogan says the turks invaded syria in order to combat kurdish terror, but preventing three kurdish districts establishing territorial contiguity along the border is no less important. For many decades the kurdish language was ignored and banned from public use and turkish became the lingua franca for all citizens to speak. By far the most prominent aspect of these campaigns is what is collectively termed the turkish language reform, by which is meant the cumulative efforts to purify.
The zaza language, spoken mainly in turkey, differs both grammatically and in. They are linguistically, ethnically and culturally totally different people. Whereas the persian language and the afghani daripshtu languages come from the same sub family, which means the correlation is much higher, than the correlation between the english and the kurdish language. Thurgood 199916 adds to the equation the similarity of the phonemes through which they can be. This map shows that kurmanji is the larger group about 80% of all kurdish speaker spoken mainly in turkey and the border regions of syria, iraq and iran and sorani is spoken in southern iraq and iran. Pdf turkeys kurdish language policy welat zeydanlioglu. Turkish is the biggest in the turkic language family. The kurds living in diaspora communities are fluent in three or more languages. In this episode, we compare some of the many similarities between persian and kurdish, with mahtab, a persian speaker, and serhat, a kurdish speaker, competing with one. Turkish and english alphabets the ottoman turkish language is known today as turkish.
Turkish is one of the uralaltay language family and its very different than kurdish. Human rights of kurdish people in turkey wikipedia. There is a lot of books about the kurds and turks and their history. Other closelyrelated languages, most notably zazaki spoken in eastern turkey and gorani spoken in northeastern iraq, are often regarded as part of the kurdish linguistic landscape. It crit ically analyses the recent developments in turkeys kurdish language policy and. Differences between kurds and persians difference between. Kurdish and its dialects kurmanji, sorani, pelewani are all iranian languages specifically belonging to the northwestern branch of the group. Even though the linguistic difference between turkish and kurdish is minute, because of some reasons or bad intends, this difference is used as a vehicle to occur a conflict to damage turkey republic. Where you will find the most similarity between the two languages is in their lexicon. Rudaw is a broadcast and digital news network based in the kurdistan region of iraq, publishing in english, kurdish, arabic, and turkish. They are linguistically and culturally closely related to the iranians. The use of mothertongue languages is a crucial means for minority groups to express their.
The most convenient translation environment ever created. Most popular are epic poems called lawj, and they often tell of adventure in love or battle. The kurdishturkish conflict is an armed conflict between the republic of turkey and various kurdish insurgent groups, which have demanded separation from turkey to create an independent kurdistan, or to have autonomy and greater political and cultural rights for kurds inside the republic of turkey. In march 2006, turkey allowed private television channels to begin airing programming in the kurdish language. Jul 10, 2014 this video is licensed under a creative commons attributionnoncommercial 4. Learn how to speak kurdish sorani glossika blog the glossika. The main difference between arabs, persian and turkish as one group and kurds as other group that the first part were empires with long history and great influence and culture. Kurds in turkey and in iraqi kurdistan a comparison of kurdish. This is the key difference between kurdish and turkish. Ethnicity turkish people are a turkic ethnic group. Kurds in turkey refers to people born in or residing in turkey who are of kurdish origin. It critically analyses the recent developments in turkeys kurdish language policy and the reform efforts of the current government as part of the countrys eu candidacy. Generally, they speak kurdish as well as the language of the nation where they are from, such as, arabic, persian, or turkish. Im sure there are a great many shared words between turkish and kurdish.
Kurdish language, a west iranian language, one of the indoiranian languages, chiefly spoken in kurdistan. Kurdish and turkish also refer to the languages spoken by these two ethnic groups. The distinction between language and dialect within kurdish is problematic and is based on a variety of criteria, not all of them linguistic. There are many connections between words in the english and kurdish languages. However, the turkish government said that they must avoid showing childrens cartoons, or educational programs that teach the kurdish language, and could broadcast only for 45 minutes a day or four hours a week. People become confused between them because many kurds live in turkey. Despite belonging to different language families, turkish and kurdish, have a lot of similar words, in addition to the many loanwords that they. Turkey, syria, and parts of iraq and iran while sorani is spoken by an estimate. Differences between the kurds and the turks difference. British english vs american english is an ongoing struggle for all english students. A contrastive analysis between english and kurdish. For some political reasons since ottoman era, they were kurdified.
The similarity between kurdish and the iranian languages, and its dissimilarity from arabic and turkish, can readily be seen in the following chart. Amid turkeys purge, a renewed attack on kurdish culture. Much like most european languages use the latin script, each language has a few special letters that are unique to itself and this is true for these languages as. To trace the relationships, we must look at the etymologies, or the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history. Kurdish is related to persian and has nothing to do with. Both iranian and turkish music can be traced back to kurdish tribes and musical traditions from around the kermanshah region, and there are many established and upcoming kurdish musicians based in kermanshah. Aug 18, 2015 this is all a part of turkeys war against the kurds. Oct, 2016 this is the key difference between kurdish and turkish. For a long time, the official statement of turkey was that the.
This article examines the turkish states assimilationist policy towards the kurds and the kurdish language in turkey. In public and in working life, the kurds usually speak turkish. It is spoken mainly in turkey and the surrounding regions and has about 70 million nativespeakers worldwide. Common vocabulary in urdu and turkish language 199 the chance for descent from a common ancestor and if there is a source word to which it can be traced orlinked. The closest language to balochi is kurdish balochi linguist.
Kurdish literature first appeared in the seventh century ad. Before i say too much it should be understood that i have only rudimentary knowledge of kurdish, but i have a pretty good basic persian. Yemen to hungary and southern poland to what is today from algeria to the caspian. Difference between kurdish and turkish compare the. In this language challenge, two turkish speakers from turkey, simal and ahmet, go up against two persian speakers from iran, shahrzad and omid. They are generally classified as northwestern iranian languages, or by some scholars as intermediate between northwestern and southwestern iranian. Also pashto and dari spoken in afghanistan belong to the same language group. Learn how to speak kurdish sorani introduction to the kurdish language kurdish is a indoeuropean language as part of the western iranian branch with around 40 million speakers worldwide and is spoken predominantly in turkey, iraq, syria, and iran. The real reason behind turkeys military incursion into syria. It is thought to be spoken by some 2040 million people. An experiment at running private kurdish language teaching schools was closed in 2004 because of the poor economic situation of local people. Jan 20, 2008 difference between kurdish and turkish language well i shall give you some history information then. Kurmanji is spoken by the northern kurds living in turkey, syria, iraq. Today were going to discuss the similarities and differences between the modern turkic groups that inhabit.
Learn turkic languagesturkish azerbaijani kazakh uzbek. That is why those who are trying to mobilize public opinion in favor of the kurdish language alongside turkish as a second official. The kurdish language the kurdish language is part of the iranian branch of the indoiranian group of indoeuropean languages. In this article we will demonstrate to you how you can easily tell the difference between the languages written in the arabic script. Just one of the most notable differences between sorani and kurmanji is that the former. Kurdish people are distinctly different from turkish people. We explore some of the similarities between the two. It studies how the turkish nationalist elites, the kemalists, have throughout.
Modern turkish has some loan words from arabic, and a smaller number of loan words from persian. They know and speak the language of the nation they live in like turkish, persian, or arabic and kurdish. Turkish court rejects plea hearing in kurdish language 19. Dec 16, 2019 on top of that, there can also be a difference in spelling, vocaubulary, or grammar etc. Historical background of arabic language in turkey. Jul 31, 2010 it is likely that if your turkish man comes from a less liberal area such as a small village, or a pious city such as konya or indeed eastern turkey then you may have to get to grips with the traditional way of life. Kurds live throughout turkey, but are primarily concentrated in turkish kurdistan, in the southeast of turkey. Kurdish is a northwest iranian language and as such affiliated to the indoiranian branch of the indoeuropean language phylum, related most closely to persian and transitional varieties spoken along the iraqiran border, such as hawrami, gurani, luri and others, as well as to dimli zazaki, which is spoken in dispersed communities within the kurdish speaking.
The kurds are the largest ethnic minority in turkey. The classification of laki as a subdialect of southern kurdish or as a fourth dialect of kurdish is unsettled, but the differences between laki and other southern kurdish dialects are minimal. How can you tell the difference between a turk and a kurd. The kurdish turkish conflict is an armed conflict between the republic of turkey and various kurdish insurgent groups, which have demanded separation from turkey to create an independent kurdistan, or to have autonomy and greater political and cultural rights for kurds inside the republic of turkey. Learn how to speak kurdish sorani glossika blog the. This is all a part of turkey s war against the kurds.
Kurdish language is not a separate language, but merely. If a language accessory pack is described as having partial localization, some parts of office may still display in the language of your copy of microsoft office. Language policy in turkey and its effect on the kurdish. Jan 06, 2017 differences between arabic, persian, and kurdish. Turkish kurds celebrating newroz, a spring festival, in diyarbakir in march. The kurdish academy of language divides the kurdish languages dialects into three major groups that do not include a number of other languages dialects thought to belong to the kurdish macrolanguage. Kurds or kurdish people are an ethnic group in the middle east. First i want to deal with language conflict which has been suffering in turkey. Modern standard arabic is an official language of 28 states, incl. Some say its an inferiority complex or chosing the winn. The closest language to balochi is kurdish, as ours also belongs to the iranian family.
But after kamal ataturk ruled, he changed the country s language in a dramatic way that made over 60% of even turkish citizens ignorant of their own language. Whats the difference between the modern turkish people and the turkic central asians. Whats the difference between modern turkish people and. The new language is a collection of 30% arabic, about 6000 french words, kurdish, farsi, iranian languages. For many decades the kurdish language was ignored and banned from public use. Moreover, many scholars claim that balochi has kept sanskrits original pronunciation. However, be prepared for major differences in grammar and phonology. Kurdish holds official status in iraq as a national language alongside arabic, is recognized in iran as a regional language, and in armenia as a minority language. It has been seen that kurdish people inhabiting in the diasporas community are well versed with. And, actually, hebrew like in israel is one of its language family relatives. But when you speak turkish, a kurd can understand some of the words you are saying because in ottoman empire people used to speak a language which was mixed of turkish, arabish and persien because the first sultan of ottoman liked the persian culture but. This post will outlay the main differences between the two groups. In recent years, both iran and turkey have relaxed their systemic cultural repression, while iraqi kurds have achieved autonomy.
Also pashto and dari spoken in afghanistan belong to the same language. Kurds, also referred to as kurdish people, speak the language kurdish. Mar, 2016 this video is about the turkish language, which is spoken in turkey as well as the closely related oghuz turkic languages which are sometimes considered dialects of turkish. What are the basic differences between the persian. The kurdish language in its various dialects is an important expression of their. After the 1980 turkish coup detat until 1991 the use of the kurdish language was illegal in turkey. Jun, 2011 how would you describe the balochi language. Differences between the kurds and the turks difference between. Kurdish language is not a separate language, but merely a dialect of turkish spoken near the border. Also in iran and syria, teaching the kurdish language and other public use of the language has been prohibited from time to time. It is mainly spoken in those parts of iran, iraq, syria and turkey which comprise kurdistan. Turkish, on the other hand, belongs to yet another language family. While labelling different manifestations of kurdish languages stresses the differences between them and the absence of a unique idiom among kurds, the term dialects highlights their common belonging to a group whose linguistic and political unification is inevitable.5 1245 332 323 932 505 1424 6 919 1327 1531 1528 234 197 404 436 1247 72 1345 778 1055 8 701 853 904 1261 453 860 401 502 179 717 130 46 877 535 916 619 873 1049 184 855 457 496 52